Patients suffering from teeth sensitivity usually avoid consuming hot or cold foods & beverages. They will be afraid to even brush thinking of the severe pain. Sensitivity occurs when the dentin, a porous tissue in the teeth gets exposed due to the depletion or thinning of the enamel.
This dentin consists of microscopic channels called tubules that are actually pathways to the nerve. The receding gum tissue and enamel loss can expose these tubules and can easily trigger the nerves by certain stimuli thus causing tooth sensitivity.
The main symptoms for teeth sensitivity is the pain, which is usually seen when the patient
Tooth sensitivity can come and go over time.
Factors contributing to tooth sensitivity include:
The best prevention measure for tooth sensitivity is to see a dental professional for a proper assessment and to find out the best steps to take for treatment.
Some of the other measures that can be followed to prevent tooth sensitivity are:
The dentist will first examine the patient’s teeth and check for the cause of the teeth sensitivity and try to find the underlying cause. The dentist will then determine the treatment plan, usually it could be something simple like the fixing of a cavity or the replacing of a worn out filling.
However, if the discomfort is due to the gum loss exposing root surfaces, dentist may suggest a gum graft. A periodontist will be consulted to start the treatment by protecting the root surface and provide support to the teeth.
Even in cases where there is no obvious cause for the pain, there are many treatments to help manage the sensitivity. The dentist usually might apply an in-office gel that will strengthen the tooth enamel and reduce the painful sensations. Desensitizing toothpastes are also used to block off the endings of the nerves in the exposed dentin. Such toothpastes should be used on a regular basis. Dentist may also suggest rubbing the toothpaste directly on the affected areas after brushing the teeth.
Authored By Dr Sanjay N - Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Bangalore