The procedure of removing teeth from their sockets located in the bone is called Teeth Extraction. This is opted by the dentists when the teeth have undergone too much damage and they cannot be treated or repaired by any of the dental treatments available.
The dentist might recommend the extraction of a single tooth or multiple teeth for the following reasons:
There are two main types of Teeth Extraction procedures and they are:
Dentists might conduct this type of extraction by administering local anaesthesia to the patient, right before the procedure begins.
It is a complicated procedure. The dental surgeon will first make a tiny incision into the gum to remove the broken teeth or the wisdom tooth surgically. In some cases, it might be necessary to remove some part of the bone around the teeth or the teeth might have to be cut in half to extract it.
The surgeon might administer general anaesthesia to the patient before the procedure intravenously. The surgeon might suggest steroids and other medications intravenously to help reduce the pain and swelling during the procedure.
The dentist will provide the patient with information on how to handle the situation after the extraction. The dentist might provide some medications like NSAID (non-steroid inflammatory drugs) to reduce the pain that remains after the extraction.
Surgical extractions would require cutting of the skin and this cannot dry out and form scabs. So the dentist would first ask the patient to bite on a piece of gauze for half an hour. This is done because the pressure exerted will allow the blood to clot.
The patient is recommended to use icepacks for at least 20 minutes to control and reduce the swelling. Warm compresses are suggested if the jaw is sore and stiff.
The patient is recommended to eat soft and cool foods for a few days or any food is comfortable.
Patients are suggested to take a gentle rinse with warm salty water right from the next day of surgery to clean the area. The dentists usually use stitches that dissolve on their own and this might take a couple of weeks. This rinsing will help in dissolving of stitches too.
Authored By Dr Sanjay N - Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Bangalore